Marijuana and Cannabis Glossary

Adequate Protection

Pronunciation: “AD-uh-kwut proh-TEK-shun”
Definition: In the context of Ohio regulations, “Adequate Protection” typically refers to measures or standards implemented to ensure safety, security, or compliance with legal requirements. These measures are designed to prevent harm or loss to individuals, communities, or the environment. In regulatory terms, “Adequate Protection” may specify the minimum acceptable level of safety or security that must be met to comply with state laws or guidelines.
Example in a sentence: “The facility implemented several new safety protocols to provide adequate protection for its employees and cannabis grow, in line with Ohio’s latest regulations.”

Autoflowering

Pronunciation: “AW-toh-flow-er-ing”
Definition: Autoflowering refers to a type of cannabis plant that automatically transitions from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage with age, rather than in response to changes in the light cycle. Autoflowering strains are popular among cultivators for their shorter grow cycles and relative ease of cultivation.
Example in a sentence: “The gardener chose autoflowering seeds to ensure a quick harvest without the need to adjust the light schedule.”

Blunt

Pronunciation: “BLUHNT”
Definition: A blunt is a cigar that has been emptied of its tobacco and refilled with cannabis. Unlike joints, which are rolled with translucent rolling papers, blunts are rolled with tobacco leaf wrappers, giving them a distinctive flavor and longer burn time.
Example in a sentence: “He rolled a blunt to enjoy the slow burn and the combination of cannabis and tobacco leaf flavors.”

Bud

Pronunciation: “BUHD”
Definition: Bud refers to the flower of the cannabis plant that is harvested for medical or recreational use. Rich in cannabinoids like THC and CBD, buds are the primary part of the plant used for smoking, vaporization, and the creation of cannabis concentrates and edibles. They are known for their various aromas and flavors, influenced by the plant’s terpene profile.
Example in a sentence: “She inspected the bud under the light, admiring its sticky trichomes and vibrant colors.”

Cannabidiol (CBD)

Pronunciation: “kan-uh-bi-DYE-ol”
Definition: CBD is a cannabinoid found in cannabis that is being studied for its potential health benefits, which may include reducing anxiety, relieving pain, and improving neurological disorders. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect, making it appealing for therapeutic use without the intoxicating effects of marijuana.
Example in a sentence: “Many people now use CBD oil as a natural remedy for chronic pain and inflammation.”

Cannabinoid Receptors

Pronunciation: “kan-uh-BI-noyd REE-sep-ters”
Definition: Cannabinoid receptors are part of the endocannabinoid system and are located throughout the body. There are two main types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, which interact with cannabinoids to affect various physiological processes, including pain, memory, mood, appetite, and sleep.
Example in a sentence: “Cannabinoid receptors are key to understanding how our bodies interact with cannabis.”

Cannabinoids

Pronunciation: “ka-NA-bi-noyds”
Definition: Cannabinoids are a class of diverse chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. They are the primary compounds responsible for the effects of cannabis, including its psychoactive and therapeutic properties. The most well-known cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
Example in a sentence: “The therapeutic effects of cannabis are largely due to its cannabinoids, which can vary widely from one strain to another.”

CBD-to-THC Ratio

Pronunciation: “CBD to THC ray-shee-oh”
Definition: The CBD-to-THC ratio is a measure used to describe the amount of CBD relative to THC in a cannabis product. This ratio can influence the therapeutic effects and psychoactive experience, with higher CBD ratios typically offering more relief and less psychoactivity.
Example in a sentence: “She prefers cannabis products with a high CBD-to-THC ratio to avoid feeling overly euphoric while treating her symptoms.”

Clone

Pronunciation: “klone”
Definition: A clone is a cutting from a cannabis plant that can be rooted and grown as a new plant. Cloning is a popular method among cultivators to replicate plant genetics and ensure consistent plant characteristics such as potency and yield.
Example in a sentence: “To preserve the genetics of his favorite strain, the grower produced several clones from his healthiest plant.”

Concentrates

Pronunciation: “KON-suhn-trayts”
Definition: Cannabis concentrates are highly potent THC- and CBD-rich products resulting from extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. Examples include hash, shatter, wax, and oils. Concentrates can be consumed in various ways, including vaporization or incorporation into edibles, and are known for their strong effects.
Example in a sentence: “For a more intense experience, he decided to try concentrates instead of traditional flower.”

Crossbreeding

Pronunciation: “KROSS-breed-ing”
Definition: Crossbreeding is the process of breeding two different strains of cannabis plants to produce a new strain that possesses traits from both parent plants. This technique is used to enhance certain characteristics such as yield, flavor, potency, or resilience.
Example in a sentence: “Crossbreeding has led to the creation of numerous new and exciting cannabis strains with unique effects.”

Dabbing

Pronunciation: “DAB-ing”
Definition: Dabbing is a method of consuming cannabis concentrates that involves heating a small amount of concentrate (dab) on a hot surface and inhaling the resulting vapor. This method is known for delivering a potent dose of cannabinoids quickly.
Example in a sentence: “After dabbing for the first time, he was surprised by the intensity and rapid onset of the effects.”

Decarboxylation

Pronunciation: “dee-car-box-ih-LAY-shun”
Definition: Decarboxylation is a chemical process that activates the psychoactive and therapeutic properties of cannabinoids in cannabis. It involves heating cannabis to a specific temperature for a certain length of time, converting THCA and CBDA into the active forms of THC and CBD. Decarboxylation is essential for making edibles and other cannabis-infused products effective.
Example in a sentence: “To make her homemade edibles more potent, she learned the proper technique for decarboxylation.”

Diploid

Pronunciation: “DIP-loyd”
Definition: In the context of cannabis and marijuana, a diploid plant is one that possesses two sets of chromosomes, which is the standard genetic configuration for most sexually reproducing organisms, including humans and many plants. This genetic structure allows for the combination of genetic material from two parents, contributing to the genetic diversity within and among cannabis strains. Diploid cannabis plants exhibit the typical characteristics of the species, such as specific patterns of growth, cannabinoid profiles, and responses to environmental conditions. The understanding and manipulation of a plant’s ploidy level are crucial in cannabis breeding programs aimed at enhancing desirable traits such as yield, potency, and disease resistance.

Example in a sentence: “Most traditional cannabis strains are diploid, carrying two sets of chromosomes that contribute to their distinct genetic makeup and phenotypic expression.”

Dispensary

Pronunciation: “dih-SPEN-suh-ree”
Definition: A dispensary is a legal establishment that sells cannabis and cannabis-related products for medical or recreational use. Dispensaries are regulated by local laws and typically offer a wide range of cannabis strains, edibles, concentrates, and topicals.
Example in a sentence: “The new dispensary downtown offers a wide variety of strains and knowledgeable staff to help customers make informed choices.”

Edibles

Pronunciation: “ED-uh-buls”
Definition: Edibles are cannabis-infused food products that offer an alternative to inhaling marijuana smoke. They can include a wide range of consumables, such as cookies, gummies, chocolates, and beverages. The effects of edibles take longer to manifest compared to smoking or vaping cannabis, often resulting in a more prolonged and intense experience.
Example in a sentence: “She preferred edibles for their discreetness and the long-lasting relief they provided.”

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

Pronunciation: “en-doh-KA-nuh-bin-oid SIS-tem”
Definition: The endocannabinoid system is a complex cell-signaling system identified in the early 1990s by researchers exploring THC. It plays a crucial role in regulating a range of functions and processes, including sleep, mood, appetite, memory, and reproduction and fertility. The ECS exists and is active in your body even if you don’t use cannabis.
Example in a sentence: “The discovery of the endocannabinoid system has significantly advanced our understanding of human biology and health.”

Entourage Effect

Pronunciation: “EN-tuh-raj eh-FEKT”
Definition: The entourage effect is a theory that suggests that cannabis compounds work better together than they do alone. It posits that the therapeutic effects of cannabis are enhanced when its various natural components, including cannabinoids and terpenes, interact synergistically.
Example in a sentence: “Many users believe in the entourage effect, choosing full-spectrum products to maximize the therapeutic potential of cannabis.”

Feminized Seeds

Pronunciation: “FEM-ih-nized seeds”
Definition: Feminized seeds are cannabis seeds that have been bred to produce only female plants. Female plants are preferred for cannabis cultivation because they produce the bud used for consumption, whereas male plants produce pollen.
Example in a sentence: “To avoid the hassle of identifying and removing male plants, he planted feminized seeds in his garden.”

Flowering Stage

Pronunciation: “FLOW-er-ing stage”
Definition: The flowering stage is the phase of cannabis plant growth during which the plant develops buds. This stage follows the vegetative stage and is triggered by changes in the light cycle.
Example in a sentence: “As the plants entered the flowering stage, the grow room was filled with a strong, sweet aroma.”

Full Spectrum

Pronunciation: “FULL SPEK-trum”
Definition: Full spectrum refers to cannabis products that contain all of the plant’s cannabinoids, terpenes, and other natural compounds. This approach is believed to contribute to the entourage effect, offering a more comprehensive therapeutic experience.
Example in a sentence: “She opted for a full spectrum CBD oil to take advantage of the entourage effect for better relief from her symptoms.”

Hashish (Hash)

Pronunciation: “HASH-eesh”
Definition: Hashish, commonly known as hash, is a concentrated form of cannabis made by collecting and compressing the resinous trichomes of the plant. It varies in consistency, ranging from solid to resinous depending on the preparation and processing method. Hash can be consumed in various ways, including smoking, vaporization, and as an ingredient in edibles.
Example in a sentence: “While traveling in Morocco, he was fascinated by the traditional methods of making hashish.”

Hemp

Pronunciation: “HEMP”
Definition: Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest-growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. Unlike marijuana, hemp is low in THC and is often used for CBD extraction, as well as to produce a variety of products including textiles, paper, animal feed, and biofuel.
Example in a sentence: “The farmer decided to diversify his crops by planting hemp for CBD production and industrial use.”

Hybrid

Pronunciation: “HYE-brid”
Definition: Hybrid cannabis strains are created by crossbreeding Indica and Sativa strains, aiming to produce effects that are a balance between the two. Hybrids are cultivated to target specific outcomes, such as enhancing relaxation without excessive drowsiness or stimulating creativity without anxiety. They can vary greatly in their appearance, effects, and cultivation requirements, depending on the traits inherited from their parent strains.
Example in a sentence: “She preferred hybrid strains because they offered a perfect balance of relaxation and mental clarity.”

Indica

Pronunciation: “IN-di-kuh”
Definition: Indica refers to one of the primary types of cannabis plants, known for its sedative effects and typically recommended for nighttime use. Indica strains are characterized by their short, bushy stature and broad leaves. They are believed to help with relaxation, stress relief, and insomnia, and may also provide pain relief.
Example in a sentence: “After trying several strains, he found that Indica varieties helped him sleep through the night without any side effects.”

Kief

Pronunciation: “KEEF”
Definition: Kief refers to the powdery, dust-like collection of trichomes that fall off the cannabis flower. Rich in cannabinoids and terpenes, kief is often collected in the bottom chamber of a grinder and can be used on its own or added to flower in a bowl, joint, or used to make hash or other concentrates. Kief provides a more potent experience due to the high concentration of THC.
Example in a sentence: “He sprinkled some kief over his bowl to enhance the potency and flavor of his smoke.”

Landrace Strain

Pronunciation: “LAND-race STRAIN”
Definition: A landrace strain is a cannabis strain that has developed naturally in a specific geographic region and has not been crossbred with other strains. Landrace strains are considered to be genetically pure and are often used as the basis for breeding new hybrid strains.
Example in a sentence: “His collection included a landrace strain from Afghanistan, known for its resilience and potent effects.”

Live Resin

Pronunciation: “LIVE REZ-in”
Definition: Live resin is a type of cannabis concentrate produced using a method that takes freshly harvested cannabis and freezes it to subcritical temperatures prior to and throughout the extraction process. This method preserves the valuable terpene profile of the plant, resulting in a more flavorful and aromatic product compared to concentrates made from dried and cured flowers.
Example in a sentence: “For connoisseurs seeking the fullest flavor, live resin is the premium choice due to its rich terpene profile.”

Microdosing

Pronunciation: “MY-kroh-DOH-sing”
Definition: Microdosing is the practice of consuming small, sub-therapeutic doses of cannabis with the aim of achieving a physiological benefit without significant psychoactive effects. This approach is often used to manage conditions like anxiety, pain, and stress.
Example in a sentence: “She found that microdosing throughout the day helped her manage her anxiety without impairing her ability to work.”

Phenotype

Pronunciation: “FEE-no-type”
Definition: A phenotype refers to the observable characteristics of a cannabis plant, such as its height, leaf structure, color, and bud structure. These traits are influenced by both the plant’s genetics (genotype) and its environment.
Example in a sentence: “Although they were grown from the same seeds, the plants displayed different phenotypes due to variations in light exposure.”

Polyploid

Pronunciation: “POL-ee-ployd”
Definition: In the realm of cannabis and marijuana cultivation, a polyploid plant refers to one with more than two complete sets of chromosomes. This condition can arise naturally or be induced through breeding techniques and chemical treatments, leading to plants with triploid (three sets), tetraploid (four sets), or even higher multiples of chromosome sets. Polyploid cannabis plants often display unique traits compared to their diploid counterparts, such as increased size, altered growth rates, and potentially enhanced cannabinoid and terpene profiles. The development of polyploid plants is a focus in advanced cannabis genetics, aiming to explore and utilize these unique characteristics for improved medicinal qualities, yield, and resilience against pests and diseases.

Example in a sentence: “By creating polyploid cannabis strains, cultivators aim to unlock new possibilities in plant vigor and compound diversity, pushing the boundaries of what traditional breeding has achieved.”

Pre-rolls

Pronunciation: “PREE-rolz”
Definition: Pre-rolls are ready-to-smoke cannabis joints that have been prepared in advance by dispensaries or brands. They are filled with a base mix of ground cannabis flower, often combined with other products like kief or concentrates to enhance potency. Pre-rolls are popular for their convenience and the variety of strains available.
Example in a sentence: “On his way to the party, he stopped by the dispensary to pick up a couple of pre-rolls for a relaxed evening.”

Resin

Pronunciation: “REZ-in”
Definition: Resin is a sticky, trichome-filled substance produced by the cannabis plant. It contains high concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes and is often collected to produce concentrates.
Example in a sentence: “The sticky resin on her fingers after handling the buds was a testament to the plant’s potency.”

Rosin

Pronunciation: “ROH-zin”
Definition: Rosin is a solventless cannabis concentrate made by applying heat and pressure to cannabis flower or hash, resulting in the extraction of the resinous sap. Rosin is prized for its purity and potency, offering a clean way to consume concentrated cannabinoids and terpenes.
Example in a sentence: “He preferred rosin for its solventless extraction process, ensuring a pure and potent concentrate.”

Ruderalis

Pronunciation: “roo-duh-RAH-lis”
Definition: Ruderalis is a species of cannabis known for its small size and autoflowering characteristics. It is often crossbred with Sativa and Indica strains to create hybrids that inherit the autoflowering trait.
Example in a sentence: “The grower experimented with adding Ruderalis genetics to his plants to reduce the cultivation time.”

Sativa

Pronunciation: “suh-TEE-vuh”
Definition: Sativa is another primary type of cannabis plant, known for its energizing effects. Sativa strains are typically recommended for daytime use. They have a taller, slimmer appearance compared to indica plants, with narrower leaves. Sativa strains are often associated with uplifting cerebral effects that may enhance creativity, focus, and feelings of well-being.
Example in a sentence: “For her creative writing sessions, she always preferred a Sativa strain to help stimulate her imagination.”

Shatter

Pronunciation: “SHAT-er”
Definition: Shatter is a type of cannabis concentrate known for its brittle, glass-like consistency. It is translucent and can range in color from light to dark amber. Shatter is known for its high potency and purity, making it a favored choice for experienced users seeking strong effects.
Example in a sentence: “He carefully broke off a small piece of shatter to use in his dab rig, anticipating the powerful effect.”

Terpenes

Pronunciation: “TUR-peens”
Definition: Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the distinct scents and flavors of different cannabis strains, such as citrus, pine, or berry. Beyond contributing to the sensory experience of cannabis, terpenes are also believed to influence its effects and may have therapeutic properties of their own, including anti-inflammatory and anxiety-relieving effects.
Example in a sentence: “The rich aroma of pine and lemon in her favorite strain was due to its unique terpene profile.”

Tetraploid

Pronunciation: “TET-ruh-ployd”
Definition: In cannabis and marijuana cultivation, a tetraploid plant refers to one that has four sets of chromosomes instead of the usual two sets found in diploid organisms. This genetic condition is achieved through specific breeding techniques or treatments, such as exposing the plant to certain chemicals that alter its chromosome duplication process. Tetraploid cannabis plants can exhibit unique characteristics compared to their diploid counterparts, including increased size, greater resilience to environmental stressors, and potentially enhanced cannabinoid and terpene profiles, making them of particular interest for both medicinal and recreational cultivation. The development of tetraploid plants is a part of advanced genetic research and breeding programs aiming to optimize and introduce new traits into cannabis strains.

Example in a sentence: “The research team focused on developing tetraploid cannabis strains, hoping to increase the plants’ THC content and resistance to fungal diseases.”

Tincture

Pronunciation: “TINK-chur”
Definition: A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract made by soaking the plant’s flowers in alcohol to release the active compounds into the solvent. The resulting product is a potent liquid that is administered in small doses using a dropper. Tinctures can be added to food or beverages, or placed directly under the tongue for fast absorption into the bloodstream.
Example in a sentence: “He found that using a CBD tincture under his tongue provided quick relief from his chronic pain.”

Topicals

Pronunciation: “TOP-ih-kals”
Definition: Topicals are cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils that are applied directly to the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. Unlike other forms of cannabis, topicals do not produce a psychoactive effect, making them a choice for patients seeking the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids without the high.
Example in a sentence: “After her marathon, she applied a cannabis-infused topical to her legs to soothe the muscle soreness.”

Triploid

Pronunciation: “TRIP-loyd”
Definition: In the context of cannabis and marijuana cultivation, “triploid” refers to a plant with three sets of chromosomes, as opposed to the typical diploid state of having two sets. This genetic condition is induced through breeding techniques and can result in certain desirable traits in cannabis plants. Triploid cannabis plants are often characterized by their robust growth, increased resistance to diseases and pests, and potentially enhanced cannabinoid and terpene profiles. The production of triploid cannabis plants is an advanced cultivation technique aimed at improving yield, potency, and overall plant health.

Example in a sentence: “The cultivator experimented with triploid cannabis strains to take advantage of their reputed disease resistance and higher THC content.”

Vaporizer (Vape)

Pronunciation: “VAY-puh-ry-zer”
Definition: A vaporizer is a device used to consume cannabis without combustion, heating the product to a temperature that vaporizes, but does not burn the cannabinoids and terpenes. Vaporizers can be used with dry herb, oil, or wax concentrates and are favored for their efficiency, discretion, and reduced health risks compared to smoking.
Example in a sentence: “To avoid the harshness of smoke, he switched to using a vaporizer for his daily cannabis use.”

Wax

Pronunciation: “WAKS”
Definition: Wax is a type of cannabis concentrate with a soft, wax-like texture that is used for dabbing. It is known for its high THC content and potent effects. Wax is made through a solvent-based extraction process that results in a sticky, amber-colored substance.
Example in a sentence: “He decided to try wax for the first time, curious about its reputed potency and the smoothness of vapor when dabbed.”